If you want to learn how to play guitar effectively you must learn how to practice properly to both make good use your time and to keep from getting discouraged.
In this series Guitar Practice Tips I answer many of the questions that have been asked or should be asked about practicing by students that are progressing on the path to guitar awesomeness.
A question I often get asked is "how do I know when it's time to move on when practicing a particular exercise or technique?"
In this video I'll explain the two most common pitfalls that guitar students run into when dealing with this issue and how to slide over them like butter on a hot skillet (okay… I’m a guitar player, not a writer).
Modern Attention Deficit Approach To Guitar Practice
The 1st stumbling block I call the Attention Deficit approach. This has no relationship to a clinically diagnosed disorder call Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHA). I’m talking about a common tendency we all have to deal with.
In our society we have been brought up to expect fairly immediate gratification. We are bombarded constantly with advertisements promising quick and easy. Get instant friends and sex appeal just by purchasing a six pack of Bud Light (okay… it might take a 12 pack). Everything we could possibly want in life if I just had the right automobile… and I can get it for easy lease payment of $199 a month.
Now I'm not knocking quick and easy. In fact I'm all for quick and easy… When it's appropriate. The truth is that sometimes quick and easy just doesn't work. Trying to make it work in these situations can lead to frustration and giving up.
When learning guitar it’s important to practice the material long enough to make sufficient progress before moving on to the next. If you're anything like me and you practice something a few times, feel bored, and want to move onto the next thing… guess what? Your normal. Of course that's assuming that I'm fairly normal.
Practice Makes Perfect Approach
But now let me talk about an issue that's just as debilitating. I call this one the Perfectionist Approach. You guessed it. That's trying to get something just right or perfect before you move on.
I'm not exactly sure where this tendency comes from but I've seen it often enough.
It's not effective to get each exercise perfect before moving on. First of all you probably will never get it perfect. I still play some exercises that I started practicing 20 years ago. To me they’re still not perfect... of course my standards have risen since then and will probably continue to rise.
Understand that some of the improvement will come over time even after you've moved on to the next exercise. The key is to find a healthy balance. That means making good judgments about when to move on to the next exercise... combining that with going back and reviewing from time to time.
The 80% Rule Of Guitar Practice
I use what I call “the 80% Rule” to decide when it's time to move on. What that means is when I decide I've gotten about 80% of the way to where I want the exercise to be then it’s time to move on. Now this is a judgment call and there is no being perfect about it. In fact I often tell students to think about somewhere between 70% and 80% so they don't get hung up on an exact number.
But I have found that most people can make a reasonably good judgment and it gets better over time. The important thing is that the idea helps you push past that feeling of wanting to move on before it's the right time. At the same time the idea of 80% defeats the tendency to work towards perfection.
Review As A Key Learning Strategy
Part of what makes this work is building into your practice schedule a review session from time to time. It's still often amazing to me that when I go back to review I find that some of the techniques and exercises have gotten better even though I haven't practiced them for 3 or 4 weeks.
There's no exact interval but I recommend going back and reviewing about every 4 weeks. This gives you a chance to see your progress over time and to make more decisions about what you want to practice for the next 4 weeks.
If you’re working on something more complex you might want to spread it out a little longer to possibly 6 or even 8 weeks before reviewing. At the same time if you're working on lots of simpler things that you can make progress on fairly quickly you might review even every couple of weeks.
Great advise Tomas! I am really enjoying the Rumba Flamenco course. Much repetition needed on right hand precision. Merry Christmas to you and your family.
Tomas, I would like some help in my strumming and palm muting. to many strings ringing out what is the best way to practice these two different excercises ?? thanks for your time !! I always answer your surveys for you hope they help.
I play trombone and it is just as pertinent to me. This has been a very great help, many thanks!
I’m glad you found this helpful. -Tomas
I really like the way you talk, you are really down to earth. I’m am 85 years of age and I would love to play the guitar
As a "hoping third time's a charm" beginning guitar student I think you're right. First time I had the books, but there was no real judgement as to when to move on or how much time to practice, etc., but that was back in the late 80's. Next next time I tried at the turn of the century I stuck with it for at least 4 months before I hit the wall of chord changing and with no idea how long it would take to get better I gave up after a month. Now I'm trying again and with my prior experience I'm trying to construct/borrow/zen a beginner lesson plan that resonates with me. There are new problems like the proliferation of information that sometimes seems contradictory, but mostly it's the same problems from 35 years ago: there is no good measure of how long things will take and what success looks like. Even in your video, as helpful as it is, there is no demonstration of the 70-80% rule so it's in the imagination of the viewer to figure out what that means. I do thank you for putting realistic expectations out there.